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La Jolla

La Jolla, San Diego

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    San Diego County
      City: 
    La Jolla
      County FIPS: 
    06073
      Coordinates: 
    32°50′24″N 117°16′37″W
      Established: 
    1870
  •   Latitude: 
    32,8762
      Longitude: 
    -117,239
      Dman name cbsa: 
    San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    92037
    92038
    92039
    92092
    92093
      GMAP: 

    La Jolla, San Diego County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    9,789

La Jolla is a hilly, seaside neighborhood within the city of San Diego, California, United States, occupying 7 miles (11 km) of curving coastline along the Pacific Ocean. The University of California, San Diego (UCSD) is located in La Jolla, as are the Salk Institute, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (part of UCSD), and the headquarters of National University (though its academic campuses are elsewhere) The climate is mild, with an average daily temperature of 70.5 °F (21.4 °C) The population reported in the 2010 census was 46,781. The name comes from local Native Americans, the Kumeyaay, who called this location mat kulaaxuuy (IPA: [mat klaxuj]), lit. "land of holes" (mat = "land"). The topographic feature that gave rise to the name "holes" is uncertain; it probably refers to sea-level caves located on the north-facing bluffs, which are visible from La Jollas Shores. Another suggestion for the origin of the name is that it is an alternative spelling of the Spanish phrase la joya, which means "the jewel". Despite being disputed by scholars, this derivation of thename has been widely cited in popular culture. This supposed origin gave Rise to the nickname "The Jewel". The name may also come from the Spanish La Hoya, meaning a geographic hollow. In November 2020 the Red Rest was largely destroyed by fire.

History

La Jolla was mapped as pueblo land and contained about 60 lots in the Mexican period of San Diego's history. It is suggested that the Kumeyaay name for the area was transliterated by the Spanish settlers as La Jolla. Another suggestion for the origin of the name is that it is an alternative spelling of the Spanish phrase la joya, which means "the jewel" This supposed origin gave rise to the nickname "The Jewel" The name may also come from the Spanish La Hoya, meaning a geographic hollow. In November 2020 the Red Rest was largely destroyed by fire. The first reading room (library) was built in 1898. A volunteer fire brigade was organized in 1907; the city of San Diego established a regular fire house in 1914. The La Jollas' most notable buildings are now on the National Register of Historic Places or are listed as historic historic buildings. The earliest buildings are the Bishop's School and the Old Scripps Building at the Oceanography Institution of Oceanography, now housing the Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego. In 1896 journalist and publisher Ellen Browning Scripp's settled in La Jolla, where she lived for the last 35 years of her life. She was wealthy in her own right from her investments and writing, and she inherited a large sum from her brother George H. Scipps in 1900. She devoted herself to philanthropic endeavors, particularly those benefiting her adopted home of La Jola. She commissioned many buildings, usually designed by Irving Gill and his nephew Louis John Gill.

Geography

The community's border starts at Pacific Beach to the south and extends along the Pacific Ocean shoreline north to include Torrey Pines State Natural Reserve ending at Del Mar, California. The City of San Diego defines the community's eastern boundary as Gilman Drive and the Interstate 5 freeway and the northern boundary as UCSD. The United States Postal Service defines a somewhat larger area, assigning the community the 92037 ZIP Code. La Jolla is an area of mixed geology, including sandy beaches and rocky shorelines. The area is occasionally susceptible to flooding and ocean storms, as occurred in January and December 2010. It is the home of the large concrete Mount Soledad Easter Cross built in 1954, later designated a Korean War Memorial, that became the center of a controversy over the display of religious symbols on government property. Several businesses and housing developments east of Interstate 5 use "La Jolla" in their names despite being geographically located in the University City neighborhood of SanDiego. The most compelling geographical highlight of La Jollas is its ocean front, with alternating rugged and sandy coastline that serves as habitat for many wild seal congregations. Popular beaches and coastal access points, listed from north to south, include: Black's Beach (a de facto nude beach)Scripps, near Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and Tennis Club, near the University of California, San Diego. The UCSD campus, although it is part of LaJolla, has ZIP Codes 92092 and 92093.

Demographics

La Jolla had the highest home prices in the nation in 2008 and 2009, according to a survey by Coldwell Banker. The average price for a four-bedroom home in La Jolla was reported as US$1.842 million in 2008. Latinos, who may be of any race, form 7.2% of the city's population. There is also a sizeable Persian population in the city, which has a population of around 1,000. The city is located on the San Diego Bay, which is about 30 miles north of San Diego. The San Diego area is one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city is 82.5% White, 0.8% Black, 0,2% American Indian, 11.2%, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.0% some other race, and 3.1 per cent two or more races. It is also the most ethnically diverse city in San Diego County, with an ethnic/racial makeup of 82.4%. The city has the highest rate of homeownership in the country, followed by San Diego, San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego and San Diego Heights. It also has the lowest rate of home prices, with the average home costing US$2.125 million in 2009, compared to US$3.1 million in San Francisco and $3.5 million in Los Angeles. The town has a high percentage of people of color, with 0.7 per cent of the population being Hispanic or Latino.

Neighborhoods

La Jolla Farms includes the Torrey Pines Gliderport, the Salk Institute, and a group of expensive homes on the cliffs above Black's Beach. La Jolla Shores is the residential area and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography campus. The Village is the "downtown" business district area, including most of LaJolla's shops and restaurants. Upper Hermosa is the coastal section from Windansea Beach to the Village. The neighborhood's namesake is the La Jollas Village Square shopping and residential mall, which includes two movie theaters. There are no businesses on the lower southern side of Mt. Soledad on the northwest side, including the LaJollas Country Club golf course. No businesses are found on the western middle slope of Mount SoledAd on the southeast side. No business is found in the northern part of the area on the northern side of the mountain, including Hidden Valley and Muirlands. There is no business in the southern part of La Jullas on the northeast side of MountSoledad, including Muirland's West and LaJullas Alta. There were no businesses in the north section of the city on the east side of Lajullas. There was no business on the west side on the north side on La Julsas. The city's downtown is located on the eastern edge of the San Diego Bay, and is known for its restaurants and shops. The downtown area is also known for the surfing areas just two blocks off the main drag.

Community groups

The La Jolla Community Planning Association advises the city council, Planning Commission, City Planning Department as appropriate. The nonprofit La Jollas Town Council represents the interests of LaJolla businesses and residents that belong to the Council. The Bird Rock Community Council serves the Bird Rock neighborhood, while the Lajolla Shores Association serves the La J Lollas Shores neighborhood. Independent La Jola is a membership-based citizens group seeking to secede from the city of San Diego. Service clubs in La JLLa include Kiwanis, Rotary, La Jollo Woman's Club and the Social Service League of La J LLa, to name a few. The La Jullas Town Hall is a nonprofit organization that represents the interest of the town's residents and businesses. It was formed in February 2011 to manage the La Jolla Village Business Improvement District for the City of San Diego. The La Jolla Village Merchants Association, Inc. is a non-profit organization that manages the La Jollas Village Merchants Association for the City of San Diego. It was formed in February 2011 to manage the La J JLLas Business Improvement District for the City of San Diegos. It is a nonprofit organization that represent the interests of the businesses and residents that belong to the Council and membership of the Council. It has been in existence since 2007.

Attractions and activities

Downtown La Jolla is noted for jewelry stores, boutiques, upmarket restaurants and hotels. Nearby are the de facto nude beach, Black's Beach, and the Torrey Pines Gliderport. The Museum of Contemporary Art, founded in 1941, is located just above the waterfront in what was originally the 1915 residence of philanthropist Ellen Browning Scripps. The LaJolla Concours d'Elegance auto show is hosted at La Jollas Cove annually. For many years, La Jullas has been the host of a rough water swim atLa Jolla Cove. In 2011, the LaJollas Community Foundation commissioned various artists to contribute to the scenery of the town, through various murals. Some of the artists that are featured are John Baldessari, Julian Opie, and Kim MacConnel. There are 11 murals in the series, all of which will be on display for two years. The museum has a permanent collection with more than 3,500 post-1950 American and European works, including paintings, works on paper, sculptures, photographic art, design objects and video works. In 1990, the museum was renamed Museum of contemporary Art San Diego in 1990 to recognize its regional significance. It is located in the heart of the city, on the edge of the San Diego Bay. The town is home to several beaches, including Windansea Beach and La Jollo Shores. The city is also the site of the U.S. Open golf tournament, the Farmers Insurance Open.

Education

The University of California San Diego is the center of higher education in La Jolla. The community is served by the San Diego Unified School District. The Scripps Research Institute, the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies are among the research institutes near the community. La Jollas are also home to the National University, which is headquartered in the town. The town's name was briefly used as part of the name of the university's first campus, which was built in the 1950s. The city is home to several public schools, as well as a number of charter schools and private schools, including Preuss School and The Bishop's School. The San Diego Supercomputer Center is located in the nearby Torrey Pines Science Park, which also serves as a hub for the community's scientific and medical research. The University of San Diego has a campus in the community, which includes the Scripp's Institution of Oceanography and the Salk Institute of Biological Studies. The National University is also headquartered in LaJolla, with several academic campuses located throughout the county and the state. LaJollas also has its own high school, La Jola High School, and several other public schools. It also has several private schools and charter schools, such as The Children's School, Delphi Academy, Stella Maris Academy, The Gillispie School and the Evans School. It is also the home of the La Jollo Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI), which conducts research in immunology.

Business and media

La Jolla was home to the comic book publisher WildStorm Productions, from its founding by Jim Lee in 1993, until its closing in 2012. La Jolla is the setting for the 2011 season of The Real World: San Diego, the twenty-sixth season of the long-running MTV reality television series. The Beach Boys' 1963 song Surfin' U.S.A. and in The Network's 2003 song Spike are both set in the town. Wilbur Soot released an album called Your City Gave Me Asthma, which included a song called La Jollas after this place. The Netflix sitcom Grace and Frankie is set in La Jollo. The 2018 film The Samuel Project was filmed in LaJolla. Disney+'s Big Shot takes place in Lajolla. The movie The Sam Project was released on June 25, 2018. It is the first film to be released in the United States since 2008. The film is based on the novel by Raymond Chandler, which was published in 1958. The novel's Hotel del Charro becomes "RanchoDescansado" in the novel. LaJollas is the base for the Sundt Memorial Foundation, a national organization aimed at discouraging youth from getting involved in drugs. The foundation's website is at: http://www.sundtmemorialfoundation.org/LaJolla-San-Diego-Fundamentals-and-Programs.html. The organization was founded by the late John Sundt, who died in 2007.

  • La Jolla's population in San Diego County, California of 2,535 residents in 1900 has increased 3,86-fold to 9,789 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

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