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Homestead

City of Homestead

  •   State: 
    Florida
      County: 
    Miami-Dade County
      City: 
    Homestead
      County FIPS: 
    12086
      Coordinates: 
    25°28′07″N 80°28′39″W
      Area total: 
    15.58 sq mi (40.36 km²)
      Area land: 
    15.08 sq mi (39.07 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.50 sq mi (1.29 km²)
      Elevation: 
    3 ft (1 m)
      Established: 
    1913; Incorporated February 8, 1913
  •   Latitude: 
    25,5346
      Longitude: 
    -80,4108
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    33030
    33031
    33032
    33033
    33034
    33035
    33039
    33092
      GMAP: 

    Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States

  •   Population: 
    80,737
      Population density: 
    5,352.49 residents per square mile of area (2,066.63/km²)
      Household income: 
    $33,613
      Households: 
    19,274
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.80%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%

Homestead was incorporated in 1913 and is the second oldest city in Miami-Dade County next to the city of Miami. The name originates from when the Florida East Coast Railway extension to Key West was being built. It is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census. The city has a total area of 14.4 square miles (37 km²) and its city limits extend only 4 miles (6 km) from SW 288th Street (Biscayne Drive) at the north end to (theoretical) SW 352nd Street at the south end. The original Homestead Air Force Base was once located several miles to the northeast of Homestead, but due to annexation of formerly unincorporated land immediately to the east and northeast of the original city limits during the late-1990s the city and the far southwestern perimeter of the (now) HomesteadAir Reserve Base share a common border for a small portion along SW 137th Avenue (Speedway Boulevard) The Fruit and Spice Park is also of interest, as is Coral Castle, built by a jilted lover, Edward Leedsk, over a period of 28 years from 1923 to 1951. Homestead experiences a tropical monsoon (Köppen climate classification) that borders on a tropical savanna (Awanna) climate. In winter, mainly because of its inland and rural location, the area sees cold weather for short periods from November to February.

History

Homestead is the primary city name, but also Homestead AFB are acceptable city names or spellings, Homestead Air Force Base on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of Homestead. "Homestead" is the name given to an area in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The name comes from when the area was known as "Homestead Country" The name was shortened to "homestead" after the city was named after the homestead in the area. Homestead was the site of Hurricane Andrew, which struck in 1992. The city is now known as Miami- Dade County and is located on the Florida East Coast. It is the second largest city in the state, after Miami-Fort Lauderdale. It was the first city to be named after a hurricane, and the first to have a name. The first name was given to the area in 1913, when it was called 'Homestead' for the first time. The town's name was later changed to " Homestead" for the second time, when the town was named for the town of Homestead, Florida, which is on the East Coast of the U.S. The word homestead means "home" or "home of the family" in Spanish, and it is used to refer to a place in the city where the family lived. The second name for the area is "Homestake", which means "Home of the Family" in English. The third word for the region is "homestake" and refers to the place in which the family lives. The fourth word for "homeland" is "home", which is used when referring to the city of Miami. The last word for homestead is "hamestead" and means "house".

Geography

Homestead experiences a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am) that borders on a tropical savanna climate (Aw) Summers are hot and humid and high temperatures average between 90° and 92 °F (32° to 33 °C) Winters are warm and dry. The all-time record high temperature is 100 °F, on 21 July 1942. In August 1992, Hurricane Andrew devastated the town, as well as nearby Homestead Air Force Base. After Hurricane Wilma, a man was killed in a tractor accident while clearing debris. In September 2017, a low-income housing project for farmworkers was flooded with rain and waste collection for about a week without electricity. The city has a total area of 14.4 square miles (37 km²) of which 0.1 square miles of it (0.63%) is water. In winter, the area sees cold fronts bring cold weather for short periods from November to March. High temperatures in winter average between 68° and 80° (18° to 26 °C), and lows average between 57° and 64 °C (8° to 14 °C). Summer is the season when most of the rain occurs. The dry season sees some rain, with most of it coming with the passing of cold fronts. It is at this point at the south end that Homestead and Florida City share a common border. The Fruit and Spice Park is also of interest, as is Coral Castle, built by a jilted lover over the course of 28 years from 1923 to 1951.

Demographics

As of the 2020 U.S. census, there were 80,737 people, 20,320 households, and 15,784 families residing in the city. The city's population is expected to rise to 80,000 by the end of the decade. It is the most populous city in the state, with a population of 7.7 million. It has the highest percentage of African-Americans in the United States, with 7.8% of the population. It also has the lowest percentage of whites, with only 1.3% of its population being African-American. The population is also the highest of any city in New York state, at 1.9%. The city has a high percentage of Hispanics, with 1.7% of residents being Hispanic or Latino. The number of women is also high, with 2.4% out of every 1,000 people living in the town. The percentage of women who have no children is 2.7%. The population has a low percentage of men, at 0.8%. It has one of the highest percentages of women in the country, at 2.2%. The U.N. World Health Organization has estimated that the city will have a population growth rate of 0.9% in the next five years. It will have the highest population growth rates in the world in 2020, with the highest rate of 1.4%. It is also among the most densely populated cities in the nation, with 20,000 residents per city.

Government and infrastructure

The Florida Department of Corrections operates the Dade Correctional Institution and the Homestead Correctional Institution in an unincorporated area near Homestead. In June 2018, Homestead Temporary Shelter for Unaccompanied Children, a federal facility operated by Comprehensive Health Services, Inc., was estimated to hold 1,000 minor detainees. On October 11, 1957, an Air Force B-47 Stratojet carrying a nuclear bomb crashed on takeoff at Homestead Air Force Base, present-dayHomestead Air Reserve Base. The United States Postal Service operates the Homestone Post Office. The Homestead Police Department located at 45 Northwest First Avenue in Homestead, Florida. The U.S. Air Force operates a base at the same location in the unincorporated city of Homestead called Homestead-Dade International Airport. The Air Force base is now part of the Florida Air National Guard and is home to the Florida National Guard Air Wing. The base is also the site of the U.N. World War II-era Homestead Base, which was built in the late 1940s and early 1950s as a training base for the United States Air Force. It is currently home to a number of military installations, including the Air Force Museum of Natural History and the National Museum of American History and Science, which is located in the same building as the post office. The National Park Service has a base in the city, which opened in 1950. The airport is also home to Florida's first national park, the Florida Everglades National Park.

Transportation

The principal roadways linking Homestead with the rest of Miami-Dade County are US 1, the Florida Turnpike and State Road 997. The City of Homestead operates two local circulator Homestead Trolley lines. There are public marinas at Homestead Bayfront Park and Marina, on Biscayne Bay east of the city and adjacent to Biscay National Park's Convoy Point Visitor Center. The Homestead General Aviation Airport is located just northwest of the central business district. Most major national car and truck rental companies have rental locations in Homestead or its immediate surroundings. The free Homestead National Parks Trolley is offered by the City ofHomestead in partnership with the National Park Service. The service is the only public transportation option available to these two parks. The city's public library is located in the historic downtown district of the town. It is also home to the Miami Dade College's Homestead Campus, which is a part of the University of Miami system. There is a public library in the city's historic downtown area, as well as a public park in the downtown area. The downtown area is home to a number of historic buildings, including the Homestead Opera House, which dates back to the 18th century. The historic downtown neighborhood is also the home of the Miami Opera House and the Miami Museum of Art, which was built in the early 1900s. It was the site of the first African-American opera house in the United States, which opened in 1903.

Points of interest

The Homestead area of Miami-Dade County, Florida is home to many tourist attractions. Homestead is also home to the Miami Dade Public Library System and the Homestead 14 high school. The city is also the site of a national park, an air reserve base and a nuclear power station. The Homestead neighborhood is also known for its fruit and spice parks and a racetrack. The town's main street is called Homestead Avenue, which runs through the heart of the city. The area is also famous for its golf course, which was built in the 1930s and is one of the nation's oldest golf courses. It is located on the banks of the Dade River, which flows through the city's historic downtown area. The community also has a number of parks, including the Everglades National Park and the Biscayne National Park, which is located in the center of the area. It also has an airport, a hospital, a theater, a sports complex, and a race track. The neighborhood is known as Homestead and is known for being a popular destination for visitors to Miami- Dade County and the Miami-Miami area. In addition to the parks, the city has a high school, a library, a movie theater and a sporting complex. The district also has its own golf course and an air Reserve Base, which opened in the 1960s. It was named for the late Homestead Air Reserve Base commander, George H.W. Bush, who founded the Air Reserve.

Education

Homestead is within the Miami-Dade County Public Schools district. Most of Homestead is zoned to Homestead High School, while a northwest portion is zoning to South Dade High School. Homestead also has the following charter schools: Keys Gate Charter School, Waterstone Charter School and Everglades Preparatory Academy. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Miami previously operated Sacred Heart School in Homestead. It closed in 2009. Miami- Dade College Homestead Campus is located in the city. The city is also home to a number of private schools and colleges, such as the University of Miami and Miami Dade Community College. The Homestead Police Department is based at the Homestead Airport, which is located just outside the city limits. The Miami-dade County Sheriff's Office is based in the Miami suburb of Doral. The sheriff's office is also based in Doral, Florida, and has its own substations in Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Miami Beach and Fort Lauderdale. It is located on the Florida Turnpike, which runs from Miami to Miami Beach. It also has a branch of the Florida Department of Children and Families, which serves the Miami area and the Miami Beach suburb of Fort Lauderdale and the surrounding counties. It was founded in 1883. It opened with grades Kindergarten through 4 in 2009, making it the first district-operated public school established in homestead in a period of more than 30 years. It would add an additional grade level per year until it had 8th grade.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida = 65.3. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 50. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Homestead = 7.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 80,737 individuals with a median age of 31.4 age the population grows by 81.62% in Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 5,352.49 residents per square mile of area (2,066.63/km²). There are average 2.97 people per household in the 19,274 households with an average household income of $33,613 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.80% of the available work force and has dropped -4.51% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.18%. The number of physicians in Homestead per 100,000 population = 262.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Homestead = 62.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 130. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 252. 90 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 53.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 31, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida which are owned by the occupant = 37.92%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 9 years with median home cost = $77,810 and home appreciation of -17.08%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $14.71 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,069 per student. There are 17 students for each teacher in the school, 605 students for each Librarian and 358 students for each Counselor. 6.21% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 8.36% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 3.80% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Homestead's population in Miami-Dade County, Florida of 2,002 residents in 1900 has increased 40,33-fold to 80,737 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 49.39% female residents and 50.61% male residents live in Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida.

    As of 2020 in Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida are married and the remaining 51.39% are single population.

  • 33.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Homestead require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    60.21% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 31.50% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.61% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.11% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida, 37.92% are owner-occupied homes, another 48.45% are rented apartments, and the remaining 13.63% are vacant.

  • The 38.34% of the population in Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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