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Brewster

Brewster, Massachusetts

  •   State: 
    Massachusetts
      County: 
    Barnstable County
      City: 
    Brewster
      County FIPS: 
    25001
      Coordinates: 
    41°45′36″N 70°05′00″W
      Area total: 
    25.4 sq mi (65.9 km²)
      Area land: 
    22.9 sq mi (59.3 km²)
      Area water: 
    2.5 sq mi (6.6 km²)
      Elevation: 
    39 ft (12 m)
      Established: 
    1656; Settled 1656; Incorporated 1803 Communities Brewster East Brewster South Brewster West Brewster
  •   Latitude: 
    41,7524
      Longitude: 
    -70,0704
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Barnstable Town, MA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    02631
      GMAP: 

    Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
    3,889
      Population density: 
    451 residents per square mile of area (174.0/km²)
      Household income: 
    $49,206
      Households: 
    961
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.80%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    5.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.30%

Brewster was first settled in 1656 as a northeastern parish of the town of Harwich. The town separated from Harwich as the northern, more wealthy parish in 1693. Brewster was named in honor of Elder William Brewster, the first religious leader of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.4 square miles (65.9 km²) The town is 31 miles (50 km) south of Provincetown, 14 miles (23 km) east of Barnstable, and 85 miles (137 km) southeast of Boston. It is home to the Roland C. Nickerson State Forest Park, the largest state forest on Cape Cod. The Brewster-Harwich town line goes directly through the middle of the Long Pond pond, which is the second largest pond on the island. There are several brooks throughout the town, all of which lead to Cape Cod Bay, and several boat landings and beaches in the town. The average seasonal (NovemberApril) snowfall total is around 30 in (76 cm) The average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity. The plant hardiness zone is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 4.0 °F (15.6 °C) Brewster has a warm-summer, wet all year, humid continental climate (Dfb). Dfb climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature of 50.0 °F (10.0°C).

History

Brewster was named in honor of Elder William Brewster, the first religious leader of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony. The town's history grew around Stony Brook, where the first water-powered grist and woolen mill in the country was founded in the late 17th century. There were many rich sea captains in the town, who built many of the mansions and stately homes which now constitute the town's inns and bed-and-breakfasts. Most notable of these are the Brewster Historical Society Capt. Elijah Cobb House on Lower Road, Crosby Mansion on Crosby Lane by Crosby Beach, and the Captain Freeman Inn on Breakwater Road. Brewster was first settled in 1656 as a northeastern parish of the town of Harwich. It separated from Harwich as the northern, more wealthy parish in 1693, and was officially incorporated as its own town in 1803 when the less wealthy citizens ofHarwich were upset that all of their institutions were on Brewster's main street (now Route 6A), including the town hall and churches. In 1803, the town was incorporated as a separate town, with Brewster being the name of the first post office in the new town of Brewster. It was named after Elder Brewster; he was a member of the Plymouth colony's first religious group, the Plymouth Indians, and a leader of their colony's colony-wide religious movement. The Brewster Historic Society is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving the history and culture of the original Brewster parish.

Geography

Brewster is home to the largest pond on Cape Cod, Long Pond. The Brewster-Harwich town line goes directly through the middle of the pond. The town is 31 miles (50 km) south of Provincetown, 14 miles (23 km) east of Barnstable, and 85 miles (137 km) southeast of Boston. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.4 square miles (65.9 km²), of which 22.9 sq mi (59.3 km²) is land and 2.5sq mi (6.6 km²") is water. Brewster is bordered by the Brewster Flats, an extensive stretch of tidal sand flats to the north, along the shores of Cape Cod Bay. There are several brooks throughout the town, all of which lead to Cape CodBay. The Roland C. Nickerson State Forest Park is the largest state forest on Cape Cape Cod. It is also home to Cliff Pond and Long Pond, both of which are popular tourist destinations. It also has several large ponds, especially along the Harwich town lines. The city of Orleans is located in the south of the town and is on the Massachusetts Turnpike. It has a population of 2,788. The Town of Brewster was founded in 1838. It was named after the Brewsters, a family of farmers who settled in the area in the early 1800s.

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Brewster, Massachusetts has a warm-summer, wet all year, humid continental climate (Dfb) The average seasonal (NovemberApril) snowfall total is around 30 in (76 cm). The average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity. The plant hardiness zone is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 4.0 °F (15.6 °C). The town is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs through the town of Brewster. The town has a population of 2,000. It is located in the Berkshires, a Berkshire county, and the Massachusetts Bay Path, a Bay Path county. It has an average mean temperature of 71.6°F (22.0°C) and an average monthly rainfall of 2.7 inches (50.4 mm) per year. The city has a high school with a student population of 1,100. It also has a hospital with a staff of 50. The school is located near the town's wastewater treatment facility, which has a wastewater treatment plant with a treatment capacity of about 1,000 gallons (4,000 liters) per month. The community has a low-lying area with a population density of about 2,200. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, which took place in World War I.

Ecology

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. Potential natural vegetation Types, Brewster, Massachusetts, would primarily contain a Northeastern Oak/Pine (110) vegetation type with a Southern Mixed Forest (26) vegetation form. The town is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs through the town of Brewster. Brewster is located at an elevation of 2,000 feet (600 meters) and has a population of 1,000. The city's name is derived from the Brewster River, which flows through the city. It is also known as "Brewster Bay" because of its proximity to the Boston River. It was named after the town's founder, William Brewster who was born in the town in 1858. The name Brewster means "Brewer Bay" in English and means "bay" in French. It also means "bridge" or "road" in the English language, which is used to refer to the city's water supply. It has been named after Brewster Town, where the town was founded in 1838. It's also called Brewster in English because it was the site of the first European settlement in the area, in 17th century. Its name means " Brewster" in Italian, which means "town of the same name, but with a different pronunciation. It means "brewer" in Spanish. It would be named after a town in the state of Massachusetts, where it was first settled in 1839.

Transportation

U.S. Route 6 passes through the southeast corner of Brewster from southwest to northeast, as a two-lane expressway with no exits in the town. The five other numbered highways in Brewster are all surface roads. The Cape Cod Rail Trail, as well as several other bicycle trails, pass through the town, but there is no rail or air service. The nearest public airfield is in Chatham (Chatham Municipal, CQX); the nearest regional airport is Barnstable Municipal Airport (HYA), and the nearest national and international air service is at Logan International Airport in Boston. Brewster has one stop light (blinking red light, four-way stop) at the intersection of Harwich Road (Route 124) and Long Pond Road (Route 137). There is no public rail orAir service in the city. The town has one bus station (Brewster Station), which is located in the center of the town and is closed to the public. It also has one light station (Blinking Red Light Station) which is also shut down when the town is in the middle of a storm. It has no public water supply, and the town does not have a public sewer system. It is the only town in the Cape Cod region with a public high school, which was founded in the early 1900s. It was the first high school in the state to open in 1875. It closed in 1881. It reopened in 1883. It remains the only high school on Cape Cod, and has been there ever since.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,094 people, 4,124 households, and 2,853 families residing in the town. The population density was 439.2 inhabitants per square mile (169.6/km²). There were 7,339 housing units at an average density of 319.3 per squaremile (123.3/ km²) The racial makeup of the town was 97.24% White, 0.76% Black or African American, 0,23% Native American,0.76%, 0.03% Pacific Islander, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population. The median income for a household in the city was $49,276, and $57,174 for a family. The per capita income for the town is $24,638. About 1.6% of families and 3.7% of residents were below the poverty line. The town is located on the U.S. Census Bureau's West Virginia-Mississippi border. It is the only town in the state with a population of more than 10,000. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, which took place in World War I. It has been home to the National Guard since the 1950s. The U.N. has a consulate on the town's outskirts, which opened in the 1960s.

Government

Brewster is governed by the open town meeting form of government, led by an executive secretary and a board of selectmen. The town is a part of Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, and is currently represented by William Keating. The Long Pond Medical Center, located just over the Harwich line at the intersection of Routes 6 and 137, serves the medical needs of the town. There is a single post office near the geographic center of town, as well as the Brewster Ladies' Library, a 50,000-volume library which is part of the Cape Libraries Automated Materials Sharing (CLAMS) network. The fire department is located on Route 6A near the terminus of Route 137, while the police station is located about a half mile away on Route 124. The state's senior (Class II) member of the U.S. Senate, elected in 2012, is Elizabeth Warren. The junior (Class I) senator,elected in 2013, is Edward Markey. Brewster is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as apart of the First Barnstable District, along with Dennis and a portion of Yarmouth. It is patrolled by the Second (Yarmouth) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police. It has its own police and fire departments, and the town is home to the Long Pond medical center, which serves the southeastern corner of Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard. It also has a single police station.

Education

Brewster is a member of the Nauset Regional School District, along with the towns of Eastham, Orleans and Wellfleet. The town operates the Stony Brook Elementary School and the Eddy Elementary School. There are also two private schools, The Family School and The Laurel School, both of which serve elementary students. High school students may attend Cape Cod Regional Technical High School in neighboring Harwich free of charge. The Sea Pines School operated in town from 1907 to 1972.See also: Brewster (CDP), Massachusetts for more information on the town and its residents, including demographics, demographics, and other factors that affect the town's economy.

Points of interest

The Brewster Conservation Trust Walking Trails, Cape Cod Museum of Natural History, Brewster Historical Society Museum, and Brewster Ladies' Library are among the points of interest. Brewster Oysters, JT's Seafood, Kate's Ice Cream, and the Kitchen Cafe are also popular places to eat and drink in Brewster. The Woodshed is Cape Cod's Family Campground since 1958. The Brewster Fish House is home to Cape Cod Oysters and the Brewster Store. The first Parish Brewster is located in the town of Brewster, in the center of the Cape Cod peninsula. The town is located at the base of Mount Katahoe, which is on the tip of Cape Cod, about 30 miles north of Boston. The village is also home to a number of local businesses, including a winery, a restaurant, a bar, and an ice cream shop. It is also the home to the Brewsters Fish House, a fish restaurant, and a grocery store. The Woodhed is the site of the town's only public park, which was built in 1958. Brewsters is also a popular destination for tourists. The Town of Brewsters has a number of restaurants, hotels, golf courses, a golf club, a spa, and other tourist attractions. It was founded in the 19th century and is known as the "Gateway to the Cape" in the early 1900s. It has been named after the town where it was first settled.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts = 13. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 60. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Brewster = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 3,889 individuals with a median age of 53.7 age the population dropped by -8.18% in Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 451 residents per square mile of area (174.0/km²). There are average 2.06 people per household in the 961 households with an average household income of $49,206 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.80% of the available work force and has dropped -1.18% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 30.84%. The number of physicians in Brewster per 100,000 population = 262.6.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Brewster = 46.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 28.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 124. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 204. 75 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 24.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 58, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 36.42%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 35 years with median home cost = $432,430 and home appreciation of -4.20%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $9.92 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $9,210 per student. There are 10.8 students for each teacher in the school, 694 students for each Librarian and 462 students for each Counselor. 8.93% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 28.96% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 16.39% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Brewster's population in Barnstable County, Massachusetts of 2,155 residents in 1900 has increased 1,8-fold to 3,889 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 53.35% female residents and 46.65% male residents live in Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 37.23% are single population.

  • 22.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Brewster require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    76.20% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 5.62% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.67% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 13.04% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, 36.42% are owner-occupied homes, another 8.74% are rented apartments, and the remaining 54.84% are vacant.

  • The 39.64% of the population in Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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