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Carson City

Consolidated Municipality of Carson City

  •   State: 
    Carson City
    Carson City
      County FIPS: 
    39°9′52″N 119°46′1″W
      Area total: 
    157.12 sq mi (406.94 km²)
      Area land: 
    144.53 sq mi (374.34 km²)
      Area water: 
    12.59 sq mi (32.59 km²)
    4,682 ft (1,427 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Carson City, NV
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Carson City, Carson City, Nevada, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    405.71 residents per square mile of area (156.65/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Carson City is an independent city and the capital of the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2020 census, the population was 58,639, making it the sixth largest city in Nevada. The majority of the city's population lives in Eagle Valley, on the eastern edge of the Carson Range, a branch of the Sierra Nevada, about 30 miles (50 km) south of Reno. The city is named after the mountain man Kit Carson. The town began as a stopover for California-bound immigrants, but developed into a city with the Comstock Lode, a silver strike in the mountains to the northeast. For much of its history it was a hub for the Virginia and Truckee Railroad, although the tracks were removed in 1950. Before 1969, Carson City was the county seat of Ormsby County. That year the state legislature abolished the county and included its territory into a revised city charter for a Consolidated Municipality of Carson City. The current capitol building was constructed from 1870 to 1871. The United States Mint operated the Carson City Mint between the years 1870 and 1893, which struck gold and silver coins. People came from China during that time, many to work on the railroad. In 1880, almost a thousand Chinese people, "one for every five Caucasians", lived in Carson City's Central Business District. By 1930, Carson's population had dropped to just over 1,500 people, but by 1960, it had reached its 20-time-time population of 20,000.


Carson City is the primary city name, but also Mound House are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Consolidated Municipality of Carson City. Carson City is a city in Nevada, United States. The city was founded in 1858 as Eagle Valley. It was named after a bald eagle that was hunted and killed by one of the early settlers and was featured on a wall inside the trading post. The current capitol building was constructed from 1870 to 1871. The Ormsby House is the tallest building in downtown Carson City at 117 feet (36 m) The city is one of America's largest state capitals with its 146 square miles (380 km) of city limits. It is home to the U.S. Mint, which struck gold and silver coins between 1870 and 1893. In 1991, the city adopted a master plan, specifying no building within 500 feet (150 metres) of the capitol would surpass it in height in height. It has a population of about 1,500 people, making it the smallest state capital in the United States and the second-smallest city in the world after New York City. Its population grew to about 2,000 people in the 1880s, when the city was at its boom-time. In 1969, Carson City absorbed former Empire town sites such as Empire City, which had grown up in the 1860s as a milling center along the Carson River. In the 1990s, it became one of Nevada's largest cities, with a population in excess of 1,000. It also has one of its largest parks, the Carson City Park, which was built in the early 1990s.


Carson City features a cold semi-arid climate (Koppen: BSk) with cold winters and hot summers. The city is in a high desert river valley approximately 4,802 feet (1,464 m) above sea level. The highest elevation in city limits is Snow Valley Peak at an elevation of 9,214 feet (2,808 m) Carson City is one of two state capitals that border another state, the other being Trenton, New Jersey. The average temperature in Carson City increased by 4.1 °F (2.3 °C) between 1984 and 2014, a greater change than in any other city in the United States. There are 39.5 days of 90°F (32°C) highs annually, with 100°F or higher 1.2 days per year. The Carson River flows from Douglas County through the southwestern edge of both the valley and Carson City. Most precipitation occurs in winter and spring, with summer and fall being fairly dry, drier than neighboring California. Several beaches along Lake Tahoe lie within the city limits, as do several state parks and a national forest. It is located on the eastern edge of the Sierra Nevada, and is located in the northern part of the Nevada Bootheel, which is the largest bootheel in the U.S. Nevada is home to the Nevada Game and Fish Commission, which regulates the state's fish and game industries. It also has the Nevada State Museum, which features a recreated Wild West village featuring rock, mining and prehistoric exhibits.


As of the 2010 census, there were 55,274 people, 20,171 households, and 13,252 families residing in the city. 21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The city's age distribution was: 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.9%. For every 100 females age 18 and over,there were 108.2 males. The median income for a household in the City was $41,809. The per capita income for the city was $20,943. Out of the total population, 13.7% of those under the Age of 18 and 5.8% of people 65 and older were living below the poverty line. As of 2010, 82.3% (42,697) of Carson City residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a first language, while 14.1% (7,325) spoke Spanish, 0.6% (318) French, and numerous Indo-Aryan languages were spoken as a main language by 0.5% (261) of the city's population over five. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was2.97. The population density was 366 people per square mile (141/km²). There were 21,283 housing units at an average density of 148/sq mi (57/ km²). The city is the smallest of the United States' 366 metropolitan statistical areas.

Government and politics

Ormsby County consolidated with Carson City in 1969, and the county simultaneously dissolved. The city is governed by a five-member board of supervisors, consisting of a mayor and four supervisors. All members are elected at-large, but each of the four supervisors must reside in respective wards, numbered 1 through 4. The mayor and supervisors serve four year terms. Elections are staggered so the mayor and the supervisors from Wards 2 and Ward 4 are elected in presidential election years. In 2004, George W. Bush defeated John Kerry 5740%. In 2008, Barack Obama became the first Democrat since 1964 to win Ormsby. County/Carson City, defeating John McCain 4948%, by 204 votes, a margin of under 1%. The city, being the state capital, is home to many political protests and demonstrations at any given time. In 1987, the state government carved Yucca Mountain out of Nye County and created a new county with no residents out of the area surrounding Yucca called Bullfrog County. Carson City became the county seat of Bullfrog. A state judge found the process unconstitutional in 1989, and Bull Frog County's territory was retroceded to N Yea County. In 2009, the city was the site of a massive protest against the federal government's plan to build a spent nuclear fuel storage facility at Yucca. It is more than 100 miles (160 km) from the mountain, but is still considered a Republican stronghold. The state capital is considered to be a conservative bastion.


Carson City has never hosted any professional team sports. Many neighborhood parks offer a wide variety of features including picnic tables, beaches, restrooms, fishing, softball, basketball hoops, ponds, tennis, and volleyball. The largest park is Mills Park, which has a total land area of 51 acres (0.21 km²) and includes the 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge Carson & Mills Park Railroad. While there are no ski slopes within Carson City, the city is near the Heavenly Mountain Resort, Diamond Peak and Mount Rose Ski Tahoe skiing areas. The city is home to the U.S. Air Force's Carson Air Force Base, which is located in the northern part of the city. It is also the home of the University of Nevada, Reno, which was founded in 1858 and is located on the base's eastern edge. The University of California, San Diego is also located in Carson City and is on the eastern edge of the San Francisco Bay Area. It was the site of the first football game in the United States, held in 1881. The U.N. has a presence in the city since 1881, and has been a member of the International Olympic Committee since 1972. It has also hosted the Winter Olympics in 1992 and the Winter Paralympic Games in 1998. It also hosts the Winter Games in 2010 and 2014, as well as the 2010 Winter Olympics Games in Vancouver, Canada, and the 2010 Paralympics in Beijing, China.

Economy and infrastructure

There are four highways in the city: Nevada State Route 28, U.S. Route 395, US Route 50, and Interstate 580. Passenger trains haven't served Carson City since 1950, when the Virginia and Truckee Railroad was shut down. The city's first modern bus system, Jump Around Carson, or JAC, opened to the public in October 2005. Carson City is also served by the Carson Airport, which is a regional airport in the northern part of the city. RenoTahoe International Airport is 28 miles (45 km) away, which handles domestic commercial flights. There is virtually no ground public transportation to other destinations, only a limited Monday Friday RTC bus service, to Reno which is still served by both Greyhound and Amtrak, as well as Eastern Sierra Transit Authority service from Lone Pine to Reno. The Carson City Freeway Project was completed in February 2006, and Phase 2A, extending from Rt. 50 to Fairview Drive, was officially opened on September 24, 2009. Phase 2B, Fairview drive to Rt., 50, was completed on August 2017. The City is one of only five state capitals not directly served by an interstate highway; the city lost this distinction when I-580 was extended into the city limits in 2012. It is also one of the largest employers in the state, with 1,0001,499 employees in the fourth quarter of 2012. The largest employer is the Carson City School District, with 500999 employees.


The Carson City School District is the sole public school district of the city. Carson High School and the alternative Pioneer High School serve high school students. The district sponsors Carson Montessori School, a public charter school serving grades K-6. Western Nevada College (WNC) is a regionally accredited, two-year and four-year institution which is part of the Nevada System of Higher Education. It offers many programs including education, arts and science. The city has a public library, the Carson City Library. It is the only school district operating with a balanced budget. It also has an alternative high school, Carson High, which is on Saliman Road. The school district also operates two middle schools, Carson Middle School and Eagle Valley Middle School. It has six elementary schools, including Bordewich-Bray Elementary School, Empire Elementary School and Fremont Elementary School. There is also a public elementary school, Mark Twain Elementary, and an alternative middle school, Al Seeliger Elementary. The town has a community college, Carson City Community College, which offers programs in education, the arts, and the sciences. There are also two high schools, Pioneer High and Carson City High, both of which are in downtown Carson City. The public high school is Carson High and is located on SalIMin Road. It was built in the early 1900s. The high school was the first high school in the city, and is now the city's only high school. It serves students in grades 7-12.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Carson City, Carson City, Nevada = 94.9. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 98. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Carson City = 5.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 58,639 individuals with a median age of 39.8 age the population grows by 4.99% in Carson City, Carson City, Nevada population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 405.71 residents per square mile of area (156.65/km²). There are average 2.47 people per household in the 20,979 households with an average household income of $52,668 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 11.70% of the available work force and has dropped -4.97% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 18.36%. The number of physicians in Carson City per 100,000 population = 238.2.


The annual rainfall in Carson City = 10.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 21 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 45. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 253. 89 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 20.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 84, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Carson City, Carson City, Nevada which are owned by the occupant = 58.61%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 28 years with median home cost = $196,420 and home appreciation of -17.55%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.60 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,043 per student. There are 17.7 students for each teacher in the school, 2784 students for each Librarian and 491 students for each Counselor. 6.73% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.89% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.59% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Carson City's population in Carson City, Nevada of 2,100 residents in 1900 has increased 27,92-fold to 58,639 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 48.30% female residents and 51.70% male residents live in Carson City, Carson City, Nevada.

    As of 2020 in Carson City, Carson City, Nevada are married and the remaining 41.22% are single population.

  • 19.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Carson City require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    78.26% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.77% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.61% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.32% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Carson City, Carson City, Nevada, 58.61% are owner-occupied homes, another 33.86% are rented apartments, and the remaining 7.53% are vacant.

  • The 37.46% of the population in Carson City, Carson City, Nevada who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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