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  •   State: 
    Washoe County
      County FIPS: 
    39°31′38″N 119°49′19″W
      Area total: 
    111.58 sq mi
      Area land: 
    108.86 sq mi (281.96 km²)
      Area water: 
    2.83 sq mi (7.34 km²)
    4,505 ft (1,373 m)
    Incorporated March 16, 1903; 120 years ago ( 1903-03-16 )
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Reno, NV
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Reno, Washoe County, Nevada, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,426.54 residents per square mile of area (936.89/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Reno (REE-noh) is a city in the northwest section of the U.S. state of Nevada, along the Nevada-California border. Known for its casino and tourism industry, Reno is the county seat and largest city of Washoe County. The city is named after Civil War Union Major General Jesse L. Reno, who was killed in action during the American Civil War at the Battle of South Mountain. Reno is part of the RenoSparks metropolitan area, the second-most populous metropolitan area in Nevada after the Las Vegas Valley. Known as Greater Reno, it includes Washoe, Storey, Lyon Counties, the independent city and state capital, Carson City, as well as parts of Placer and Nevada Counties in California. The Reno metro area (along with the neighboring city Sparks) occupies a valley colloquially known as the Truckee Meadows which because of large-scale investments from Greater Seattle and San Francisco Bay Area companies such as Amazon, Tesla, Panasonic, Microsoft, Apple, and Google has become a new major technology center in the United States. Nevada is still the third largest gold producer in the world, after South Africa and Australia; 69% of the world's supply in 2005 yielded 6.9%. The city's slogan was "Nevada's Transcontinental Highways" until a slogan was suggested in 1926 to promote the upcoming Transcontinental Exposition of 1927. The slogan was later changed to "The Biggest Little City in the World".


Reno is the primary city name, but also Vc Highlands are acceptable city names or spellings, V C Highlands on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The town of Reno was founded in 1868. It was named after Major General Jesse Lee Reno, a Union officer killed in the Civil War at the Battle of South Mountain. Nevada is the third-largest gold producer in the world, after South Africa and Australia. The state yielded 6.9% of the world's supply in 2005 world gold production. Nevada legalized open gambling on March 19, 1931, along with the passage of even more liberal divorce laws than places such as Hot Springs, Arkansas, offered. No other state offered legalized casino gaming like Nevada in the 1930s and casinos such as Bank Palace and Bank Palace Palace were popular. The new divorce laws passed in 1927, allowed people to divorce each month after six weeks of residency, instead of six months of residency. People stayed in hotels, dude ranches, and catering houses in Reno. Many local businesses in Reno catering to these visitors, such as R Herz & Bro, a jewelry store that offered resetting services to the recently divorced to El Cortez Hotel, which was built specifically to cater to the high number of couples seeking divorces in Nevada at the time. The Reno Arch was erected on Virginia Street in 1926 to promote the upcoming Transcontinental Highways Exposition of 1927. After the exposition, the Reno City Council decided to keep the arch as a permanent downtown gateway, and Mayor E.E. Roberts asked the citizens of Reno to suggest a slogan. No acceptable slogan was received until a $100 prize was offered, and G.A. Burns of Sacramento was declared the winner.


Wetlands are an important part of the Reno/Tahoe area. They act as a natural filter for the solids that come out of the water treatment plant. The area's wetlands are at risk of being destroyed due to development around the city. Washoe County has devised a plan that will help protect these ecosystems. In the future, when developers try to build over a wetland, they will be responsible for creating another wetland near Washoe Lake. The Truckee River is Reno's primary source of drinking water. It supplies Reno with 80 million U.S. gallons (300 Ml) of water a day during the summer, and 40 million gallons (150 Ml), per day in the winter. To help save water, golf courses in Reno have been using treated effluent water rather than treated water from one of Reno's water plants. Reno sits in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada mountain range. Annual rainfall averages 7.35 inches (187 mm). Reno features a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSk) due to its low evapotranspiration stemming from its moderate annual average temperature and the concentration of precipitation in the cooler, less-sunny months. The city experiences cool to cold winters, and hot summers. Winter snowfall is usually light to moderate, but can be heavy on some days, averaging 20 inches (53 cm) at the airport at the lowest point of the valley at 4404 feet (1,404 feet).


As of the census of 2010, there were 225,221 people, 90,924 households, and 51,112 families residing in the city. The population was 180,480 at the 2000 census; in 2010, its population had risen to 225,220. Reno lies 26 miles (42 km) north of the Nevada state capital, Carson City, and 22 miles (35 km) northeast of Lake Tahoe in a shrub-steppe environment. It is the third-largest city in the state after Las Vegas and Henderson, and the largest outside Clark County. Reno shares its eastern border with the city of Sparks and is the larger of the principal cities of the RenoSparks, Nevada Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), a metropolitan area that covers Storey and Washoe counties. The MSA is combined with the Fernley Micropolitan Statistical Area and the Carson City MSA to form the Reno-Carson City-Fernley Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 477,397 at the 2010 census. In 2011 the city's estimated median household income was $44,846 and the median family income was £53,896. About 9.6% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 12.8% ofThose age 65 or over. The city's median age was 34.6 years. For every 100 females, there are 103.4 males.


Until the 1960s, Reno was the gambling capital of the United States. Las Vegas' rapid growth, American Airlines' 2000 buyout of Reno Air, and the growth of Native American gaming in California have reduced its gambling economy. Several local large hotel casinos have shown significant growth and have moved gaming further away from the downtown core. Reno is the location of the corporate headquarters for several companies, including Braeburn Capital, Hamilton, Server Technology, EE Technologies, Caesars Entertainment, and Port of Subs. The Tesla Gigafactory at the Tahoe Reno Industrial Center is the largest building in the world, purportedly covering 5.8 million square feet. Apple is expanding its data center at the adjacent Reno Technology Park and recently built a warehouse on land in downtown Reno. Rackspace is also building a $422 million data center next to Apple. The greater Reno area also hosts distribution facilities for Amazon, Walmart, PetSmart and Zulily. According to Reno's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Tesla, Sierra Nevada Corporation, U.S. Ordnance, Bally Technologies and GameTech. The state placed an increased focus on economic development after the Great Recession, and thousands of new jobs were created. The city also holds several events throughout the year to draw tourists to the area. They include Hot August Nights (a classic car convention), Street Vibrations (a motorcycle fan gathering and rally), The Great Reno Balloon Race, a Cinco de Mayo celebration, bowling tournaments (held in the National Bowling Stadium), and the Reno Air Races.


Reno has several healthcare facilities. Many are affiliated with the University of Nevada Reno School of Medicine. Many of the facilities are located in the city's downtown area. The city is home to the U.S. Air Force Base and the Nevada Air Force Academy. It is also the home of the Nevada Department of Health and Human Services. The U.N. Medical School is located in downtown Reno, Nevada. It was founded in 1903 and is one of the oldest medical schools in the United States. It has been the site of the National Institutes of Health since 1948. It also has a number of other medical centers, including St. Mary's Regional Medical Center and Northern Nevada Sierra Medical Center. The University ofNevada has its own hospital, the Northern Nevada Medical Center, which opened in 1959. The hospital was the first in the state to be built in the area and is located on the Nevada Turnpike, which was built in 1859. It opened in the town of Reno, which has since become the state's largest city. The Reno Medical Center opened in 1961. It became the first hospital to be named after a woman, who died in a car accident in the 1970s. The current hospital was opened in 1988. It's located in Reno's downtown, which is also known as the "City of the Stars" and is the location of the UNevada Air Force base. It began as a military hospital in the 1950s and has since grown into a major medical center.


The Nevada Museum of Art is the only American Alliance of Museums (AAM) accredited art museum in Nevada. The National Automobile Museum contains 200 cars that were from the collection of William F. Harrah, including Elvis Presley's 1973 Cadillac Eldorado. The Reno Youth Symphony Orchestra (YSO), affiliated with the Reno Philharmonic, gives talented youth the opportunity to play advanced music and perform nationwide. A.V.A. Ballet Theatre is the resident ballet company of the Pioneer Center for the Performing Arts. Every July, Reno celebrates Artown, a visual and performing arts festival that lasts the entire month of July throughout the city. All events are free of charge or low cost. The Downtown branch of the Washoe County Library was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013. In 2016, the Reno Pops Orchestra had the honor of performing at Carnegie Hall. The city has a public library, which is part of the Washington County Library System. It is located in the downtown area of the city and is open to the public on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., and on the weekends from 9am to 5pm. The library is located on the corner of Nevada Avenue and Nevada Avenue. It was listed in the National register of historic places in 2013 and is a branch of Washington County's Library System, which also has a Downtown branch. The downtown library is open from 9 am to 5:30pm, Monday through Friday.


Reno is home to the Reno Aces, the minor league baseball Triple-A affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. The Reno Bighorns of the NBA G League played at the Reno Events Center from 2008 to 2018. The city completed a $1.5 million whitewater park on the Truckee River in downtown Reno which hosts whitewater events throughout the year. The Battle Born Derby Demons and the Reno Roller Girls are the only derby teams locally to compete in a national Derby league. The Nevada Wolf Pack are an Associated Press and Coaches Poll Top Ten ranking in basketball in 2018. RenoTahoe Open is northern Nevada's only PGA Tour event, held at Montrêux Golf & Country Club in Reno. As part of the FedEx Cup, the tournament follows 132 Pga Tour professionals competing for a share of the event's $3 million purse. The tournament has donated more than $1,8 million to local charities. The "Fight of the Century" between Jack Johnson and James J. Jeffries was held in Reno in 1910. The National Bowling Stadium hosts the United States Bowling Congress (USBC) Open Championships every three years. It is also the home of the Reno Raiders ice hockey team, which was dormant since 1998, when it was named the Reno Rage, and earlier the Reno Renegades, and played in the now-defunct West Coast Hockey League (WCHL) In 2016, Reno was removed from the ECHL's Future Markets page.


In the summer, Reno locals can be found near three major bodies of water: Lake Tahoe, the Truckee River, and Pyramid Lake. Washoe Lake is a popular kite and windsurfing location because of its high wind speeds during the summer. Skiing and snowboarding are among the most popular winter sports and draw many tourists. There are 18 ski resorts as close as 11 miles (18 km) and as far as 98 miles (158 km) from the RenoTahoe International Airport. The Reno Air Races, also known as the National Championship Air races, are held each September at the Reno Stead Airport. There is also a large number of bike paths to ride on in the summer time. The city is home to a variety of recreation activities including both seasonal and year-round, including snowshoeing, ice skating, and snowmobiling. It is the home of the U.S. Air Force National Guard, which is based in the city of Reno, Nevada, and has a base at the airport. It also hosts a number of international bike competitions each summer, such as the Tahoe-Reno International Bike Competition, which takes place each year in the town of Tahoe. The town is also home to the National Museum of American History, which dates back to the 18th century and is located in the heart of downtown Reno. It was the site of the first national park, which was established in 1878. The U.N. World Heritage Site, which stands on the base of the Nevada State Capitol, is also in the Reno area.


Reno has a democratic municipal government. The city council is the core of the government, with seven members. There is an elected city attorney who is responsible for civil and criminal cases. In 2010, there was a ballot question asking whether the Reno city government and the Washoe County government should explore the idea of becoming one combined governmental body. Fifty-four percent of voters approved of the ballot measure to make an inquiry into consolidating the governments. The Reno Fire Department (RFD) provides all-risk emergency service to the City of Reno residents. This includes quick and efficient emergency medical care for the citizens; a hazardous materials team capable of identifying unknown materials and controlling a release disaster; and preparedness and management of large-scale incidents. The minimum annual-training requirement to maintain firefighting and medical skills is 240 hours per year. This training maintains both the skills needed to operate safely in emergency environments and the physical fitness necessary to reduce the likelihood and severity of injuries. The fire department also provides rescue capabilities for almost any type of emergency situation. This is the national model of municipal fire departments, providing the services needed in the most efficient way possible. The department provides paramedic-level service to residents and visitors of the city. It is the highest level of emergencyMedical care available in the field. The council appoints only two positions, the city manager, who implements and enforces the policies and programs the council approves, and the city clerk, who records the proceedings of the council.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Reno, Washoe County, Nevada = 77. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 91. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Reno = 5.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 264,165 individuals with a median age of 36.7 age the population grows by 20.31% in Reno, Washoe County, Nevada population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,426.54 residents per square mile of area (936.89/km²). There are average 2.4 people per household in the 88,725 households with an average household income of $48,435 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 11.80% of the available work force and has dropped -6.89% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 14.42%. The number of physicians in Reno per 100,000 population = 243.8.


The annual rainfall in Reno = 7.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 23.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 51. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 252. 91 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 20.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 75, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Reno, Washoe County, Nevada which are owned by the occupant = 44.83%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 24 years with median home cost = $204,440 and home appreciation of -17.30%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $8.73 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,627 per student. There are 19.9 students for each teacher in the school, 2406 students for each Librarian and 413 students for each Counselor. 6.82% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.98% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.64% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Reno's population in Washoe County, Nevada of 4,500 residents in 1900 has increased 58,7-fold to 264,165 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 48.82% female residents and 51.18% male residents live in Reno, Washoe County, Nevada.

    As of 2020 in Reno, Washoe County, Nevada are married and the remaining 49.16% are single population.

  • 19.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Reno require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    73.99% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.18% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.93% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.52% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Reno, Washoe County, Nevada, 44.83% are owner-occupied homes, another 45.44% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.73% are vacant.

  • The 26.32% of the population in Reno, Washoe County, Nevada who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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