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  •   State: 
    New York
    Erie County
      County FIPS: 
    42°49′17″N 78°38′13″W
      Area total: 
    34.53 sq mi (89.44 km²)
      Area land: 
    34.52 sq mi (89.41 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.01 sq mi (0.03 km²)
    869 ft (265 m)
    1827; Incorporated 1857
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Buffalo-Cheektowaga, NY
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Elma, Erie County, New York, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    341.88 residents per square mile of area (132.00/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Elma is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. The population was 11,721 at the 2020 census. The area was settled circa 1827. The town was officially created in 1857 from parts of the towns of Aurora and Lancaster.Fran Striker, the creator of the Lone Ranger and the Green Hornet, was killed in a car accident here on September 4, 1962, while moving with his family. After moving back to western New York in 2007, long-time Buffalo Bills running back Thurman Thomas opened ThurmanThomas Sports Training in Elma. Elma is in the county's central area, southeast of Buffalo. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.53 square miles (89.43 km²), of which 34.52 square miles of it is land and 0.01 square mile (0.03 km²) is water. New York State Route 78 makes the west town line. The East Aurora Expressway (New York StateRoute 400) crosses the town. The city of Marilla is located in the east of the town, just east of village of East Aurora. The village of Cheektowaga is on the western border of town with Orchard Park and West Seneca. It has a population of 2,816. The county seat is Buffalo, which is about 30 miles (50km) north of Elma, and the town is about 40 miles (65km) from Buffalo.


Elma was the last town formed in the county. The area was settled circa 1827. The early residents included members of the Ebenezer Society. The town was officially created in 1857 from parts of Aurora and Lancaster. It was named after a famous large American elm, then growing at the corner of the modern Clinton and Bowen Road. The Elma Post Office was established in 1852 and began receiving mail three times a week. The post office was later moved to the site of the present-day Elma Town Hall. It is located at the intersection of Clinton and Bowden Road in the town of Elma, New York, about 50 miles north of New York City. The name Elma means 'elm' or 'tree' in English and'ma' means 'town' in German. The first post office opened in 1851. It closed in 1855. The current post office is located on the corner. of Clinton Road and Bowen road. It opened in the early 1850s. It has been in the same location ever since. It received its first mail delivery in 1853. It now has a post office that is open three days a week, as well as a local post office for the local lumber mill. Elma is a small town with a population of about 2,000. It's located in the northern part of the county, near the towns of Lancaster and Aurora. The population of the town is about 1,200. It became the last county town to be formed in 1856.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.53 square miles (89.43 km²) Of this, 34.52 square miles is land, and 0.01 square miles, or 0.03 km², is water. New York State Route 78 makes the west town line. The East Aurora Expressway (New York StateRoute 400) crosses the town. The town is divided between the towns of West Seneca, Orchard Park, Marilla, Lancaster, and Cheektowaga. The U.S. Route 20 (Transit Road) marks the western border of town with Orchard park and WestSeneca. The Town of Aurora is located in the Niagara County region of New York, and the Niagara River flows through the town to the north and east. It is the only town in the county that is not part of the City of Niagara. The population of the town is 2,816. The city of Aurora has a population of 1,715. The county seat is Aurora, New York and the town's population is 1,814. The state capital is Syracuse, NY, which has a populations of 2,717. The village of Marilla is the largest in the town, with a population in the city of 4,716. It was the site of the 18th and 19th congressional district elections, which were held in the early 1990s. The current mayor is Michael Zuckerman, who was elected in 2008.


As of the census of 2000, there were 11,304 people, 4,186 households, and 3,294 families residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 99.09% White, 0.05% African American,0.05%. The town's median household income was $56,334, and the median family income was$63,922. About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3. 4% of those under age 18 and 6.3%. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age was 42 years, with 24.5% under the age of 18, 5. 5% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, There were 97.8 males. ForEvery 100 females age 18 or over, There are 95.4 males. The town has a population density of 327.7 people per square mile (126.5/km²). There were 4,296 housing units at an average density of 124.5 per squaremile (48.1/km 2) The town is located on the U.S. Turnpike, which runs through the center of the city. It is the state's second-largest city.

Communities and locations in Elma

Blossom was the principal location of the Ebenezer Society. Spring Brook is a hamlet on Route 16 (Seneca Street) near the Western town line. The name of the city of Buffalo is derived from the stream. There were no buffalo living in the area during the colonial period, although they are now raised on several local farms. Elma is located in New Hampshire's Poughkeepsie County. The town has a population of 2,000. The population of Elma was 3,000 in the 2010 census. The city's population is 2,200. The census-designated place of the town is Elma, New Hampshire. It is located on the New Hampshire Turnpike, which runs through the town's Northwest corner. It also runs through Elma's Southwest part, which includes Cazenovia Creek and Spring Brook. It's located in the northwest part of the state's Pahokee County, which is in the eastern part of New Hampshire, and includes the town of Buffalo. It was also the site of the first post office in Elma in 18th century. The current post office was established in 1851. The post office is located at Elma Center, near the town center and south of the Northern town line on Bowen Road. It has a ZIP code of 7053. The hamlet of East Elma can be found in the southeast part of town, near Clinton Road and Girdle Road. There is also a small, 1955-era housing development in the Southeast part of ElMA; it is not a hamlets.


Iroquois Central School District is made up of three primary schools, an intermediate school, and a high school. The three buildings are connected by walkways, but students rarely leave the building to which their grade belongs. One of the school district's greatest assets is the expansive undeveloped areas that provide open space for younger students to play and older students to take part in extracurricular activities. The school district consistently enjoys top rank as the 5th or 6th best public school in Western New York.


The headquarters for beverage manufacturer Elmhurst 1925 are in Elma. Moog, an aerospace engineering company also resides here. The Made In America Franchise is also headquartered inElma. The Elma area is home to a number of well-known sports teams, including the Harlem Globetrotters, the New York Knicks and the New England Patriots. The town is also home to the U.S. Air Force base, which was established in the 1930s. The city is also the home of the Elma High School football team, which won a state championship in the 1950s and 1960s.

Fire companies

The town of Elma has four volunteer fire companies: Blossom, Elma, Jamison Road, and Spring Brook. Blossom is one of the oldest fire companies in the county, establishing in 1872. Spring Brook is the town's second oldest fire company, established in 1874. Jamisons Road is the first fire company to be established in Elma in 1869. Elma's first volunteer fire company was Spring Brook in 1871. The town has four fire companies, all of which are based in the town. The Elma Fire Department was founded in 1873. The Blossom Fire Company was established in 1880. The Spring Brook Fire Company established in 1890. The Jamison Fire Company is based in 1894. The spring Brook Fire Department established in 1900. The Town of El Alma has four Volunteer Fire Companies. The towns fire companies were established in 1861, 1872, 1874, 1875, and 1881. They were established to provide emergency services in the community. They are still in operation today, with the exception of Spring Brook, which was formed in 1910. They have been in existence since the early 20th century. They also have a fire station in the village of Jamison, built in the early 1900s. The village also has a fire company in Spring Brook that was set up in the mid-20th century, and has been in operation since the 1950s. It is the only fire company that is still in existence in the Elma area of the county.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Elma, Erie County, New York = 31.7. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 70. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Elma = 3.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 25,614 individuals with a median age of 45.2 age the population dropped by -0.25% in Elma, Erie County, New York population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 341.88 residents per square mile of area (132.00/km²). There are average 2.62 people per household in the 4,286 households with an average household income of $66,030 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.20% of the available work force and has dropped -3.61% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.58%. The number of physicians in Elma per 100,000 population = 263.3.


The annual rainfall in Elma = 41.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 98.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 175. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 157. 81 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 17.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 55, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Elma, Erie County, New York which are owned by the occupant = 85.66%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 43 years with median home cost = $178,100 and home appreciation of 3.08%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $28.34 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,710 per student. There are 14.6 students for each teacher in the school, 317 students for each Librarian and 571 students for each Counselor. 12.77% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.86% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 12.47% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Elma's population in Erie County, New York of 2,202 residents in 1900 has increased 11,63-fold to 25,614 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.43% female residents and 49.57% male residents live in Elma, Erie County, New York.

    As of 2020 in Elma, Erie County, New York are married and the remaining 32.34% are single population.

  • 24.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Elma require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    89.50% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 4.90% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.96% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.55% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Elma, Erie County, New York, 85.66% are owner-occupied homes, another 10.67% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.66% are vacant.

  • The 71.58% of the population in Elma, Erie County, New York who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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