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City of Philadelphia

  •   State: 
    Philadelphia County
      County FIPS: 
    39°57′10″N 75°09′49″W
      Area total: 
    142.70 sq mi
      Area land: 
    134.36 sq mi (347.98 km²)
      Area water: 
    8.34 sq mi (21.61 km²)
    39 ft (12 m)
    1682; Incorporated October 25, 1701
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    11,936.92 residents per square mile of area (4,608.86/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Philadelphia was founded in 1682 by William Penn, an English Quaker. The city served as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony during the British colonial era. Philadelphia hosted the First Continental Congress in 1774 following the Boston Tea Party, preserved the Liberty Bell, and hosted the Second Continental Congress during which the founders signed the Declaration of Independence. As of 2021, the Philadelphia metropolitan area was the nation's ninth-largest metropolitan economy with a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of US$479 billion. Fairmount Park, when combined with adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed, is 2,052 acres (830 ha), representing one of nation's largest contiguous urban parks and the 45th largest urban park in the world. In 2016, it attracted 42 million domestic tourists who spent $6.8 billion, representing $11 billion in total economic impact to the city and surrounding Pennsylvania counties. With five professional sports teams and a hugely loyal fan base, the city is often ranked as the nation’s best city for professional sports fans. Philadelphia also has played an immensely influential historic and ongoing role in the development and evolution of American music, especially R&B, soul, and rock. In 2021, Time magazine named Philadelphia one of the world's greatest 100 places to live, work, and play in the United States. Philadelphia contains 67 National Landmarks, including the city's 17marks, zoo, and business school. From the 17th century through the present, Philadelphia has been the birthplace or home to an extensive number of prominent and influential Americans.


Philadelphia is the primary city name, but also Manayunk, Phila are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Philadelphia. Philadelphia was home to the Lenape (Delaware) Indians in the village of Shackamaxon. The Dutch considered the entire Delaware River valley to be part of their New Netherland colony. William Penn bought the land from the local Lenape to be on good terms with the Native Americans and ensure peace for his colony. Penn named the city Philadelphia, which is Greek for "brotherly love," derived from the Ancient Greek terms phílos (beloved, dear) and adelphós (brother, brotherly) There were a number of cities named Philadelphia in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Greek and Roman periods, including one (modern Alaehir) mentioned as the site of an early Christian congregation in the Book of Revelation. In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma and surrounding territory) under the Indian removal policy. The city's location made it a natural center in the natural center of the colonies and a center of intellectual life in the colonies, attracting skilled and knowledgeable immigrants from Europe and the Middle East. Though poor at first, the city became an important trading center with conditions with living conditions by Benjamin Franklin, a leading citizen of the 1750s and early 19th-century American colonies. A number of philosophical societies were formed, which were centers of life of the city's life. In 1750, Benjamin Franklin founded the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture, the Encouraging Agriculture Society for the Useful Arts, and the Academy of Natural Sciences.


The geographic center of Philadelphia is about 40° 0 34 north latitude and 75° 8 0 west longitude. The city is situated on the Fall Line that separates the Atlantic coastal plain from the Piedmont. Natural bodies of water include the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers, the lakes in Franklin Delano Roosevelt Park, and Cobbs, Wissahickon, and Pennypack creeks. The largest artificial body of water is the East Park Reservoir in Fairmount Park. Center City had an estimated 183,240 residents as of 2015, making it the second-most populated downtown area in the United States, after Midtown Manhattan in New York City. The City Planning Commission, tasked with guiding growth and development of the city, has divided the city into 18 planning districts as part of the Philadelphia2035 physical development plan. The Philadelphia Housing Authority (PHA) is the nation's fourth-largest housing authority, serving about 81,000 people with affordable housing, while employing 1,400 on a budget of $371 million. The earliest structures were constructed with logs, but by 1700, the city was dominated by Georgian architecture, including Independence Hall. In the first decades of the 19th century, the dominant architecture produced by Philadelphia architects was the Second-style Philadelphia City Commission. In 1871, construction began on the Second Empire-style City Hall, which is considered Philadelphia's greatest architect of the second half of the 20th century. Philadelphia is the seat of its own county.


After the 1950 census, when a record high of 2,071,605 was recorded, the city's population began a long decline. The population dropped to a low of 1,488,710 residents in 2006 before beginning to rise again. Between 2006 and 2017, Philadelphia added 92,153 residents. In 2017, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that the racial composition of the city was 41.3% Black, 34.9% White (non-Hispanic), 7.1% Asian, 0.4% Native American, and 2.8% multiracial. The median household income was $52,889 and 22.8%. of the population lived in poverty. 49.5% of the residents drove alone to work, while 23.2% used public transit, 8.2%. carpooled, 7.9%. walked, and 7.0% worked from home. The average commute is 31 minutes. The city reported having 668,247 total housing units, down slightly from 670,171 housing units in 2010. As of 2013, 87 percent of housing units were occupied, while 13 percent were vacant. The five largest European ancestries reported in the 2010 census included Irish (13.0%), Italian (8.3%), German (8,2%), Polish (3.9%), and English (3,1%).. The estimated average population density was 11,782 people per square mile (4,549/km²) in 2017. Of the residents, 32 percent reported having no vehicles available while 23 percent had two or more vehicles.


Philadelphias close geographical and transportation connections to other large metropolitan economies have been cited as offering a significant competitive advantage for business creation and entrepreneurship. Five Fortune 500 companies are headquartered in the city. Financial services account for the largest economic sector of the metropolitan area, which is also one of the largest health education and research centers in the United States. A study commissioned by the city's government in 2011 projected 40,000 jobs would be added to the city within 25 years, raising the number of jobs from 675,000 in 2010 to an estimated 715,000 by 2035. The city welcomed 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent $6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact. The Philadelphia Stock Exchange, acquired by NASDAQ in 2007, tracks the Philadelphia Semiconductor Index, known in financial circles as the SOX. Philadelphia International Airport is undergoing a $900 million infrastructural expansion to increase passenger capacity and augment passenger experience. The Port of Philadelphia, having experienced the highest percentage growth by tonnage loaded in 2017 among major U.S. seaports, was in the process of doubling its shipping capacity to accommodate super-sized post-Panamax shipping vessels in 2018. Philadelphia's 30th Street Station is the third-busiest Amtrak rail hub, following Penn Station in Manhattan and Union Station in Washington, D.C., transporting over 4 million inter-city rail passengers annually. Philadelphia and Pennsylvania are attracting new life sciences ventures.


Philadelphia has the third-largest student concentration on the East Coast, with more than 120,000 college and university students enrolled within the city and nearly 300,000 in the metropolitan area. One of the founding members of the Association of American Universities is in the city, the University of Pennsylvania. The city's largest university, as noted by number of students, is Temple University, followed by Drexel University. Hospitals, universities, and higher education research institutions in Philadelphia's four congressional districts received more than $252 million in National Institutes of Health grants in 2015. The City spent an average of $12,570 per pupil in the 2014 school year, below the average among comparable urban school districts. In 2014, the city's public high schools, including charter schools, only four performed above the national average on the SAT (1497 out of 2400) in 2014: Masterman, Central, Girard Academic Music Program, and MaST Community Charter School. All other district-run schools were below average. Philadelphia is also home to five schools of medicine: Drexels, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Temple University School of medicine, and Thomas Jefferson University's Sidney Kimmel Medical College. Philadelphia has more than 80 colleges and universities, trade, and specialty schools in the Philadelphia region. In 2015, Philadelphia had a district graduation rate of 52%. This number increased to 65% in 2014, still below the national and state averages. Philadelphia's high school graduation rate in 2014 was 45.2%.


Philadelphia is home to many national historical sites that relate to the founding of the United States. Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed, and the Liberty Bell are the city's most famous attractions. The city contains many art museums, such as the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Rodin Museum, which holds the largest collection of work by Auguste Rodin outside France. The Philadelphia Museum of Art is one of the largest art museums in the world. The Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts is home of the Philadelphia Orchestra and the Academy of Music, home of Opera Philadelphia and the Pennsylvania Ballet. Philadelphia has more public art than any other American city, due to the 1984 creation of the Department of Recreation's Mural Arts Program, which seeks to beautify neighborhoods and provide an outlet for graffiti artists. In May 2019, the Walnut Street Theatre announced a major expansion to begin in 2020. The City's oldest opera house, the Philadelphia Boys Choir & Chorale, has performed all over the world and has a summer concert series at the Kimmel Center. It is also home to the Philadelphia Tri-State Artists Equity, the country's oldest artists' clubs, and The Plastic Club, started by women excluded from the Sketch Club. The most famous parade in the city is the Thanksgiving Day Parade and the Mummers Day Parade on New Year's Day, the most famous being the Mummer's Day parade on New York City's Times Square. It also has a vibrant night life, with many restaurants and theaters.


Philadelphia's first professional sports team was baseball's Athletics, organized in 1860. The city is one of 13 U.S. cities to have teams in all four major league sports. The Philadelphia Union of Major League Soccer began playing their home games in 2010 at PPL Park, a soccer-specific stadium in Chester, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia is home to professional, semi-professional, and elite amateur teams in cricket, rugby league (Philadelphia Fight), and rugby union. Philadelphia will be one of eleven US cities to host the 2026 FIFA World Cup. In 2004, ESPN placed Philadelphia second on its list of The Fifteen Most Tortured Sports Cities. In 2011, GQ magazine used the subtitle of "Meanest Fans in America" to summarize incidents of drunken behavior and a history of booing. In 2016, the Philadelphia Spinners were a professional ultimate team in Major League Ultimate (MLU) until 2016. The Spinners played at Franklin Field and won the inaugural AUDL championship and the final MLU championship in 2016. As of 2018, the Philadelphia Phoenix continue to play in the AUDL. The Big 5 are La Salle, Penn, Saint Joseph's Temple, Villanova, and Drexel University. Philadelphia won the 1985 and 2018 NCAA Division I basketball championship of the men's Division I men's basketball tournament. The Eagles won their first Super Bowl following the 2017 season. The 76ers won the 1983 NBA Finals win until the Phillies 2008 World Series win in 2008.

Law and government

Philadelphia County is a legal nullity, as all county functions were assumed by the city in 1952. The city uses the strong-mayor version of the mayorcouncil form of government, which is led by one mayor in whom executive authority is vested. The current mayor is Jim Kenney who won the election in November 2015. The last Republican to hold the office is Ronald D. Castille, who left in 1991 and later served as the Chief Justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court from 2008 to 2014. Philadelphia is home to the federal United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, both of which are housed in the James A. Byrne United States Courthouse. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the court of last resort in the state, regularly hears arguments in Philadelphia City Hall. As of December 31, 2016, there were 1,102,620 registered voters in Philadelphia. Registered voters constitute 70.3% of the total population. Democrats are currently the majority and hold 14 seats including nine of the ten districts and five at-large seats. Republicans hold two seats: one at- Large seat and the Northeast-based Tenth District. The Working Families Party holds one at large seat. In 2016, Democrat Hillary Clinton won 82% of Philadelphia's vote, even greater than Barack Obama's win in 2008. Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt was not carried by Democrat Franklin Roosevelt in 1932 as only six states won Republican Herbert Hoover. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama drew 83 of the city's vote.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Philadelphia, Delaware County, Pennsylvania = 6. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 1. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Philadelphia = 3.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,065 individuals with a median age of 35.9 age the population dropped by -5.04% in Philadelphia, Delaware County, Pennsylvania population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 11,936.92 residents per square mile of area (4,608.86/km²). There are average 2.45 people per household in the 563,667 households with an average household income of $36,437 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is of the available work force and has dropped -4.83% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.24%. The number of physicians in Philadelphia per 100,000 population = 260.5.


The annual rainfall in Philadelphia = 43.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 19.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 119. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 207. 88 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 25.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 44, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Philadelphia, Delaware County, Pennsylvania which are owned by the occupant = 51.35%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 62 years with median home cost = $156,320 and home appreciation of -0.18%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $15.59 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,897 per student. There are 18.4 students for each teacher in the school, 2256 students for each Librarian and 569 students for each Counselor. 4.43% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 10.63% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.87% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Philadelphia's population in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania of 1,410 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,76-fold to 1,065 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 53.06% female residents and 46.94% male residents live in Philadelphia, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.

    As of 2020 in Philadelphia, Delaware County, Pennsylvania are married and the remaining 58.53% are single population.

  • 34.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Philadelphia require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    49.14% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.78% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 25.38% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.93% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Philadelphia, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, 51.35% are owner-occupied homes, another 35.92% are rented apartments, and the remaining 12.73% are vacant.

  • The 50.82% of the population in Philadelphia, Delaware County, Pennsylvania who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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