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City of Plano

  •   State: 
    Collin County
      County FIPS: 
    33°01′11″N 96°41′56″W
      Area total: 
    72.04 sq mi
      Area land: 
    71.69 sq mi (185.67 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.36 sq mi (0.93 km²)
    719 ft (219 m)
    Incorporated June 2, 1873
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Plano, Collin County, Texas, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    4,012.96 residents per square mile of area (1,549.42/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Plano is a city in Collin County and Denton County, Texas, United States. It had a population of 285,494 at the 2020 census. It is a principal city of the DallasFort Worth metroplex. The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936. On average, the coolest month is January and the warmest is July. The maximum precipitation occurs in May. Plano has a total area of 71.6 square miles (185.5 km²). Plano is about 17 miles (27 km) from Downtown Dallas. In 1994, Plano was recognized as an All-America City. By 2000, the population grew to 222,030, making it one of Dallas's largest suburbs. In 2010, the racial makeup of the city was 67% (5% non-Hispanic American, 5% Black, 16% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.6% Filipino, 06% Korean, and 0.5% Other). By the 2020 2020 census, the city's racial makeup was 46% (non-Hispanic white), 7% white, 0% Hispanic or Latino, 02% Cuban, 05% Puerto Rican, Cuban, Mexican, Japanese, 1,9% Other, 01% Pacific Islander, 0,1% from two more or more other races, and 30% or more from two or more Hispanic or Hispanic. The city is in the humid subtropical climate zone.


European settlers came to the area near present-day Plano in the early 1840s. In 1872, the completion of the Houston and Central Texas Railway helped Plano grow, and it was incorporated in 1873. In 1970, the population reached 17,872, and by 1980, it had exploded to 72,000. In 1994, Plano was recognized as an All-America City. By 2000, the city's population grew to 222,030, making it one of Dallas's largest suburbs. On June 15, 2015, after five years of disuse, a 178-foot water tower built in 1985 was demolished to make room for Legacy West. The development is expected to feature apartments, medical facilities, restaurants, a Race Trac gas station, and a hotel. The city is surrounded by other municipalities and so cannot expand in area. But as of July 2012, one large tract of land was being developed: Turnpike Commons at the intersection of Renner Road and the George Bushturnpike. The town's flat topography, grid layout, and planning initiatives have contributed to its growth. It is one of the largest suburbs in Dallas, Texas, dwarfing the county seat, McKinney, by more than 100,000 people. It was named after the Spanish word for "flat" in reference to the local terrain, unvaried and devoid of any trees. In the 1980s, many large corporations moved their headquarters to Plano, including J. C. Penney and Frito-Lay.


Plano is in the humid subtropical climate zone. The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936. On average, the coolest month is January and the warmest is July. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May. Plano has a total area of 71.6 square miles (185.5 km²) and is about 17 miles (27 km) from Downtown Dallas. It is located in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex area and is located on the Texas-Louisiana state line. It has a population of 1,856,000 (as of the 2010 U.S. Census), according to the U.N. World Meteorological Agency. It was the site of the first recorded human-made earthquake in the United States in 1836. The city is home to the Dallas Cowboys, who play in the Texas Rangers baseball team, and the Dallas Mavericks football team, which plays in the NFC East. It also hosts the Dallas Stars hockey team, who face off against the San Antonio Spurs in the World Series on Sunday, September 26. It's the site for the Dallas Marathon, which began on September 11, 1966. It will be the first time in the history of the Texas Marathon that the city has played in the Super Bowl, which will be played on the same day as the Dallas/Fort Worth World Series. The game will be held at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas, Texas, on September 28, 2014. The Dallas Cowboys play the San Francisco 49ers on September 30, 2014, at the AT&T Stadium in Dallas.


As of the 2010 U.S. census, Plano had 259,841 people, 99,131 households and 69,464 families, up from 80,875 households and 60,575 families in the 2000 census. In 2010, the racial makeup of the city was 67% White (58.4% non-Hispanic white), 7.5% Black, 0.36% Native American, 16.9% Asian, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino made up 14.7% of the population (10.6% Mexican, 0,5% Puerto Rican, 0.,2% Cuban, 3.5%, Other) By 2020, the city's racial makeup will be 46.3% white, 8.77% Black or African American, 0, 3% NativeAmerican, 24.08% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.0%. multiracial, and 16.04% Hispanic or Latinos of any race. In 2007, the median income among cities with a population exceeding 250,000, at $84,492. Plano has one of Texas's two major concentrations of Chinese Americans. According to the 2010 census, there were 14,500 ethnic Chinese in Plano, making 5% of city's population up to 30,000. The city has six Chinese supermarkets and churches including 99 Ranch Market and zTao Marketplace. The median income for a household in the city is $103,913 annually.


About 80% of Plano's visitors are business travelers, due to its close proximity to Dallas and the many corporations headquartered in Plano. The city also has a convention center owned and operated by the city. Plano has made a concerted effort to draw retail to its downtown area and the Legacy West in an effort to boost sales tax returns. Legacy Drive in ZIP Code 75024, between Preston Road and Dallas North Tollway, has many corporate campuses. In 2014 Toyota Motor North America announced its U.S. headquarters will move from Torrance, California, to Plano, bringing an estimated 5,000 jobs to the community. In January 2016, JP Morgan Chase and mortgage giant Fannie Mae announced they would move their regional operations to PLANo. In 2015, Liberty Mutual announced its plans to build a new corporate campus just a few blocks east of Toyota's, bringing a combined 7,000 new jobs. The following companies have corporate headquarters (Fortune 1000 headquarters) or major regional offices in PLANo: Toyota, LibertyMutual, FannieMae, JPMorgan Chase, Wells Fargo, AT&T, Texas Instruments, and Texas Instruments. The top 10 employers in the city are the following: Plano Economic Development 2017 Leading Employers Report, Plano economic development report, and Plano Chamber of Commerce Report, 2017 Leading Employment Report, July 1-8. The economy is based on the following factors: population, income, employment, and unemployment. It is estimated that the economy will grow at a rate of about 2.5% in the next five years.

Arts and culture

The Plano Public Library System (PPLS) consists of the W.O. Haggard, Jr. Library, Maribelle M. Davis Library, Gladys Harrington Library, Christopher A. Parr Library, the L.E.R. Schimelpfenig Library, and the Municipal Reference Library. The Plano Symphony Orchestra is partially funded by the city, performing regularly at St. Andrew United Methodist Church and the Charles W. Eisemann Center for Performing Arts in nearby Richardson. The city also has its own museum, the Heritage Farmstead Museum, which was built in 1891. The City of Plano is home to the Texas Electric Railway, which opened in 1908. It is also the home of the Plano High School, where the city's football team was founded in the late 1800s. It was the first high school in the United States to open its doors to the public. It has since been the site of the Texas High School for the Performing arts, which began in the early 1900s. The Texas State Museum is also in Plano, and has been there since the early 20th century. It opened its doors in the mid-20th century and is one of the oldest museums in the state. It also has a museum for the history of the town, which dates back to the 18th century, when it was first established. The town is also home to several historic buildings, including the Texas Railroad Museum and the Texas State Library.

Parks and recreation

There are two main open space preserves: Arbor Hills Nature Preserve (200 acres) and Oak Point Park and Nature Preserves (800 acres) Bob Woodruff Park is one large uninterrupted park space larger than New York City's Central Park (840 acres) There are three swimming pools owned by Plano Parks & Recreation: Harry Rowlinson Community Natatorium, Jack Carter Pool, and Plano Aquatic Center. The City of Plano also owns and operates four performing arts venues and a conference center under the auspices of the Parks and Recreation Department: the Courtyard Theater, the Cox Playhouse, the Amphitheater atOak Point Park, McCall Plaza, and the Oak point Park Nature and Retreat Center. There are five recreation centers: Tom Muehlenbeck Recreation Center, Carpenter Park Recreation. Center, Oak Point Recreation Center, Liberty Recreation Center. Douglass Community Center houses the Boys & Girls Club of Collin County. The Plano Balloon Festival, which happens every September, also takes place at Oak Point park and Preserve. For pet owners, there are The Dog Park at Jack Carter Park, The Dog park atBob Woodruff, and Dog Park in Windhaven Meadows Park. The city's parks and recreation department manages 3,830.81 acres of open space, which will grow to 4,092.63 acres by the end of the Plano Master Plan when it is complete. The Parks Department manages four swimming pools, three of which are indoor and one outdoor.


Plano has a council-manager form of government, with a part-time city council that sets city policy and a city manager responsible for city operations. The Plano City Council has eight members elected on a nonpartisan basis in staggered odd-year elections every other May. The mayor receives a yearly stipend of $8,400, and each council member receives $6,000. Plano is split between the 66th and 67th Districts in the Texas House of Representatives, and is wholly contained in Texas Senate District 8. In 2005, the Bay Area Center for Voting Research ranked Plano, the largest of them, the United States' fifth-most conservative city. In 2018, Beto O'Rourke became the first Democrat to win the city in a statewide election in the 21st century, and in 2020, Joe Biden won the city by an even larger margin. But in local and state elections, Plano still leans Republican, voting to reelect Governor Greg Abbott in 2018 and narrowly reelecting Republicans to the Texas Senate and House in 2019 and 2020. In 2020, Police Chief Ed Drain announced the Plano Police Department would no longer make arrests for possession of small amounts of marijuana. The city is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions. In 2008, the city reported $194 million in revenue, $278 million in total assets, $31.4 million in liabilities, and $337 million in cash and investments. In 2013, businessman Harry LaRosiliere was elected the first African-American mayor of Plano.


There are 70 public schools, 16 private schools, and two campuses of Collin County Community College District (Collin College) The Plano Independent School District serves most of the city. Small portions of Plano are served by Lewisville, Frisco, and Allen Independent School districts. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Dallas operates John Paul II High School in Plano. Non-Catholic private schools include Great Lakes Academy, Spring Creek Academy, Yorktown Education, and Prestonwood Christian Academy. Plano is the home to two colleges: Collin College and DBU North. The city is home to the University of Texas at Dallas-Fort Worth, which has a campus in west Plano, and a satellite campus in north Plano at Jupiter. The Texas "Robin Hood" law requires school districts that are designated as affluent to give a percentage of their property tax revenue to other districts outside of the county. In 2008, PISD gave $86 million. Controversy erupted when teachers in less affluent districtssuch as Garland ISDexceeded the salaries of teachers in districts that had to pay into "Robin Robin" law. In 2012, Plano ISD announced that 128 seniors were selected as National Merit Semifinalists. The district has opened two 4-year high school Academies, one focusing on STEAM (STEM education plus Media Arts) and the other on health science. It has modified its existing International Baccalaureate program to allow freshman and sophomores in the program to be housed at Plano East Senior High School.


Plano is one of 12 suburbs of Dallas that opt into the Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) public transportation system. The Red Line of the DART Light Rail project opened stations in Downtown Plano and at Parker Road, which provide access to commuters traveling to work elsewhere in the Dallas area. Approximately 1% of the city's population uses DART. The Parker Road station charged for parking for non-member city residents from April 2, 2012, to April 3, 2014, as a part of the Fair Share Parking initiative. The Plano Fire-Rescue has 386 full-time firefighters who operate out of 13 stations. Plano is the largest city in Texas without an Interstate Highway. The city is roughly 30 miles northeast of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport; it is the primary airport serving Plano residents and visitors. The City of Plano was the first city in Collin County to adopt a master plan for its road system. Preston Road (Texas State Highway 289) is a major thoroughfare that runs through the city. It is bordered to the east by U.S. Highway 75, the west by Dallas North Tollway, the south by President George Bush Turnpike, and the north by Sam Rayburn Tollway (Texas state Highway 121). Plano's water distribution system includes: 10 elevated towers, 54 ground storage tanks, 225 million-gallon daily pumping stations, 65,965 metered service connections, and Lake Lavon is the district's principal source of raw water.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Plano, Collin County, Texas = 3. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 80. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 90. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Plano = 5.6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 9,902 individuals with a median age of 35.3 age the population grows by 21.07% in Plano, Collin County, Texas population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,012.96 residents per square mile of area (1,549.42/km²). There are average 2.64 people per household in the 101,118 households with an average household income of $85,485 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.40% of the available work force and has dropped -1.43% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 29.74%. The number of physicians in Plano per 100,000 population = 222.3.


The annual rainfall in Plano = 38 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 73. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 229. 96 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 33 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 25, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Plano, Collin County, Texas which are owned by the occupant = 63.90%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 14 years with median home cost = $208,790 and home appreciation of -3.09%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $19.83 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,726 per student. There are 14.5 students for each teacher in the school, 360 students for each Librarian and 367 students for each Counselor. 6.11% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 36.37% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 17.79% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Plano's population in Collin County, Texas of 1,304 residents in 1900 has increased 7,59-fold to 9,902 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 49.91% female residents and 50.09% male residents live in Plano, Collin County, Texas.

    As of 2020 in Plano, Collin County, Texas are married and the remaining 31.33% are single population.

  • 30.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Plano require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    83.29% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.53% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.11% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.79% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Plano, Collin County, Texas, 63.90% are owner-occupied homes, another 31.37% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.73% are vacant.

  • The 51.69% of the population in Plano, Collin County, Texas who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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